Research shows that children who have high-quality early learning experiences fare better in school and in life. These children are less likely to drop out, repeat grades, need special education, or get into trouble with the law. Helping all children start school ready to learn is critical to their future success and to the well being of society. It is also essential for closing gaps in achievement among low-income students and students of color.
ELC has led the effort to expand access to high quality preschool. In the landmark Abbott v. Burke case, ELC secured groundbreaking rulings by the New Jersey Supreme Court directing the State of New Jersey to provide full-day kindergarten and well-planned, high quality preschool education for all 3- and 4-year-olds in the State’s poorest urban communities. The Abbott rulings establish key program quality standards, including an age-appropriate curriculum linked to the State’s content standards, small class sizes and certified teachers. Over 40,000 3- and 4-year-old children are now enrolled in preschool in the 31 urban school districts known as Abbotts, and there is a growing body of research demonstrating significant learning gains that these children sustain into their early elementary years.
The Abbott decree is the first court ruling in the nation mandating preschool as an essential component of the right to public education. After a decade of implementation, the Abbott program is a national model. As a result of this work, ELC has gained valuable expertise on preschool issues and advocacy. Through the project Education Justice, ELC offers technical assistance to lawyers, advocacy groups, and state and national policymakers on improving access to high quality preschool education around the country.
In 2008, the New Jersey Legislature passed a new school funding formula, the School Funding Reform Act (SFRA). The Abbott preschool program is incorporated into the new formula, with State preschool aid based on the actual cost of the program in the urban districts. The SFRA also phases in an expansion of the Abbott preschool program to all 3- and 4-year-olds in another 109 high poverty districts, and to all low-income children in the remaining districts statewide. When fully implemented, approximately 50,000 additional children will be enrolled in the program.
Preschool expansion under the SFRA, however, has been delayed by the State’s budget difficulties. No funding was provided in FY2010, the first year of a five-year program phase-in, and it appears unlikely that the NJ Legislature will provide any funding to begin expansion in FY2016.
ELC remains in the forefront of the advocacy effort to sustain and strengthen the existing Abbott program and to secure its expansion to all high poverty communities and low-income children statewide.
ELC Publications on Preschool
Abbott Preschool 15 Year Progress Report (May 2014)
The Abbott Preschool Program: A 10-Year Progress Report (August 2010)
For more, visit the Publications page.
The APPLES Blossom: Abbott Preschool Program Longitudinal Effects Study (APPLES) Preliminary Results through 2nd Grade, National Institute for Early Education Research (June 2009)
Education Reform Starts Early: Lessons from New Jersey’s PreK-3rd Reform Efforts, New America Foundation (December 2009)
Preschool Education and Its Lasting Effects: Research and Policy Implications, National Institute for Early Education Research (September 2008)
For more, visit the Resources page.
Data on preschool enrollment is available on the Preschool Data page of this website.
In Abbott v. Burke, ELC secured groundbreaking rulings by the New Jersey Supreme Court directing the State of New Jersey to provide full-day kindergarten and well-planned, high quality preschool education for all 3- and 4-year-olds in the State’s poorest urban communities. The Abbott rulings establish key program quality standards, including an age-appropriate curriculum linked to the State’s content standards, small class sizes and certified teachers. The Abbott decisions that focus on preschool include Abbott V, Abbott VI, Abbott VIII and Abbott XII.
ELC News Stories on Preschool
For a complete list of stories, visit the Preschool section of the News Archives page.