According to national survey results, bullying affects approximately 30% of students in the United States, whether they are bullies, targets, or both. Bullying may be physical (hitting or punching), verbal (name-calling or teasing), emotional (intimidation through gestures or social exclusion), or, increasingly, cyberbullying (sending insults or threats through electronic communication). Research shows that by creating a climate of fear and disrespect in schools and adversely impacting student learning, bullying negatively impacts not only those directly involved, but also the bystanders to this behavior. Those who are bullied are more likely to suffer from depression, anxiety, and thoughts of suicide, while those who bully are at risk of other antisocial or violent behavior.
New Jersey school districts have been officially required to take measures to prevent and respond to bullying since 2002, when the State's first anti-bullying statute, N.J.S.A. 18A:37-13, was enacted. In 2007, in L.W. v. Toms River Regional Schools Board of Education, which ELC joined as an amicus, the New Jersey Supreme Court ruled that a school district can be sued for damages, under the Law Against Discrimination (LAD), for not responding reasonably to bias-based student-on-student bullying and harassment that creates a hostile educational environment. Relief under the LAD is limited to students who are targeted for bullying based on a characteristic protected by the law, such as race, gender, sexual orientation, or disability.
Following the L.W. decision, the State created the New Jersey Commission on Bullying in Schools to study and recommend ways to strengthen New Jersey's approach to the problem. Through its active participation in the New Jersey Coalition for Bullying Awareness and Prevention, a coalition of advocacy organizations, government agencies, and service providers whose goal is to eliminate bullying in New Jersey's schools, ELC was invited to serve on the law committee established to advise the Commission.
The Commission issued a comprehensive report in 2009, establishing a road map for the legal and policy reforms needed to combat bullying in New Jersey's schools. That report heavily influenced the drafting of New Jersey's "Anti-Bullying Bill of Rights Act," which was signed into law on January 5, 2011 and is considered to be the strongest anti-bullying legislation in the country.
ELC priorities in this area include education about and enforcement of the Anti-Bullying Bill of Rights, providing legal assistance in bullying and harassment cases, and expanding a pool of trained attorneys willing to handle cases pro bono on behalf of children who are bullied in school.
For more, visit the Publications page.
NJ Regulations on Programs to Support Student Development (including regulations on Intimidation, Harassment, Bullying)
There Isn't a Moment to Lose: An Urgent Call for Legal Reform and Effective Practices to Combat Bullying in New Jersey Schools Report of the NJ Commission on Bullying in Schools (2009)
Model Policy and Guidance for Prohibiting Harassment, Intimidation, and Bullying on School Property, at School-Sponsored Functions, and on School Buses, NJ Department of Education (2011)
New Jersey State Bar Foundation, Training for Educators and Administrators
Olweus Bullying Prevention Program
US Department of Education, Bullying Prevention & Response Resources
US Department of Health and Human Services, Stop Bullying Now
For more, visit the Resources page.
L.W. v. Toms River Regional Schools Board of Education, 189 N.J. 381 (2007)
ELC joined an amicus brief on behalf of Plaintiff L.W., a student bullied by other students due to his perceived sexual orientation over the course of several school years. In its decision, the New Jersey Supreme Court established that a school district can be held liable under the Law Against Discrimination for student-on-student (or peer) harassment on the basis of sexual orientation that creates a hostile educational environment, when the district fails to act reasonably to end such harassment. The Court rejected the more difficult federal standard of proving a school district's "deliberate indifference" in order to establish discrimination, in favor of a lower standard of proving that the school district's actions were unreasonable under the totality of the circumstances.
ELC News Stories
For a complete list of stories, visit the Student Discipline and Bullying section of the News Archives page.